The Development of a Fast Method for the Calculation of Noise from Supersonic Jets

Open Access
Merck, Andrew Thomas
Graduate Program:
Master of Science
Document Type:
Master Thesis
Date of Defense:
September 28, 2018
Committee Members:
  • Philip John Morris, Thesis Advisor
  • Victor Ward Sparrow, Committee Member
  • Kenneth Steven Brentner, Committee Member
  • Jet Noise
  • Aeroacoustics
  • Acoustics
  • Empirical Method
  • Wavepacket
  • Supersonic
  • Turbulence
  • Mixing Noise
The development of a high-speed jet noise prediction method that is significantly less computationally expensive than previous computationally-based methods and which provides a simple user interface is described. Several sets of far-field spectral density experimental data are decomposed into their large-scale turbulence component and the corresponding near-field wavenumber spectra are calculated. A wavepacket model is used to characterize the near-field wavenumber spectrum at the surface of the jet flow, and the wavepacket properties given by the near-field spectra at various frequencies and operating conditions are found using Gaussian fits. A large database is compiled from the wavepacket properties for a range of operating conditions, and the far-field jet noise is predicted using a mathematical model that combines the wavepacket model and existing models. Comparison of the wavepacket-model far-field supersonic jet noise predictions and experimental measurements are made, and the results demonstrate that the wavepacket-model results in accurate noise predictions.