WALKING MOOD INDUCTORS: GROUP AND INDIVIDUAL INFLUENCES ON AFFECTIVE LINKAGES WITHIN TEAMS

Open Access
Author:
Foo, Su Chuen
Graduate Program:
Psychology
Degree:
Master of Science
Document Type:
Master Thesis
Date of Defense:
None
Committee Members:
  • Alicia Grandey, Thesis Advisor
  • Alicia Ann Grandey, Thesis Advisor
Keywords:
  • team
  • emotional contagion
  • affective convergence
  • emotion
  • multi-level
Abstract:
This study attempted to examine how positive and negative mood linkage between team and member is facilitated by the team context of psychological safety and the influence of individual susceptibility to emotional contagion. Furthermore, an exploratory examination of group anger and anxiety convergence was conducted. Emotional contagion is posited to explain this mood sharing process among members of existing research teams. The results show that mood convergence did not occur within groups. Furthermore, psychological safety and individual susceptibility to emotional contagion moderated the affective linkages present within groups, but not in a manner consistent with predictions of the study. Psychologically safe groups showed a stronger negative relationship between group and individual negative affect and anger, respectively, when compared to less psychologically safe groups. Individuals who are more susceptible to “catch” others emotions demonstrated less convergence with their group anxiety. A three-way interaction is observed between group anxiety, psychological safety, and individual susceptibility to emotional contagion on individual anxiety. Conceptual, contextual and methodological explanations are offered to interpret the findings. The implications and future directions of research in group affect is also discussed.