THE POLITICS OF INTERRUPTED PRESIDENCIES IN THIRD WAVE DEMOCRACIES

Open Access
Author:
Kim, Young Hun
Graduate Program:
Political Science
Degree:
Doctor of Philosophy
Document Type:
Dissertation
Date of Defense:
June 20, 2008
Committee Members:
  • Donna L Bahry, Committee Chair
  • Michael H Bernhard, Committee Member
  • Gretchen G Casper, Committee Member
  • Quan Li, Committee Member
  • Mark Sebastian Anner, Committee Member
Keywords:
  • democratization
  • interrupted presidency
  • presidentialism
  • Third Wave
  • impeachment
Abstract:
Scholars have deemed that presidential regimes are less flexible because of the chief executive’s fixed term. But of 52 Third Wave democracies with popularly elected presidents, about 40 percent have experienced the resignation or removal of a president. This dissertation asks two fundamental questions about interrupted presidencies using original data collected in all new democracies in Asia, Africa, Europe and Latin America from 1974 through 2003. First, I examine what makes presidents vulnerable to interruptions, defined as leaving office by impeachment, parliamentary vote, resignation, or force. Secondly, I analyze when legislators attempt to initiate an impeachment, and how and why such attempts develop.