Role congruity theory applied to a longitudinal study of Army officers

Open Access
Author:
Hosie, Michael Patrick
Graduate Program:
Psychology
Degree:
Master of Science
Document Type:
Master Thesis
Date of Defense:
April 01, 2016
Committee Members:
  • Rick R Jacobs, Thesis Advisor
  • Alicia Grandey, Thesis Advisor
  • Jonathan Emdin Cook, Thesis Advisor
Keywords:
  • gender role
  • work role
  • turnover
Abstract:
This study seeks to better understand why female officers voluntarily leave the Army at a higher rate than males. Leveraging role congruity theory (Eagly & Karau, 2002) as an explanatory framework, the study examines whether personality measures of agency and communion differentially predict voluntary turnover for females versus males in a cohort of Army officers (n = 681). Results from logistic regression suggest that agency and communion do not predict voluntary turnover. Limitations and implications are discussed, as well as future research directions.