Does pathological narcissism moderate concurrent and longitudinal associations between shame, perfectionism, and depression?

Open Access
Author:
Dawood, Sindes
Graduate Program:
Psychology
Degree:
Master of Science
Document Type:
Master Thesis
Date of Defense:
February 24, 2016
Committee Members:
  • Aaron Lee Pincus, Thesis Advisor
  • Louis Georges Castonguay, Thesis Advisor
  • James Marshall Lebreton, Thesis Advisor
  • Melvin Michael Mark, Thesis Advisor
Keywords:
  • narcissism
  • depression
  • perfectionism
  • shame
Abstract:
This study extended previous theory and cross-sectional research on narcissism-depression associations by taking a longitudinal approach to understanding how pathological narcissism relates to shame-proneness, aspects of perfectionism, and depression among a sample of 235 undergraduate students. Findings revealed that pathological narcissism was associated with various depressive symptoms (e.g., general depression, loss of interest, lack of positive affect) concurrently, and was uniquely related to the severity and variability of anhedonic loss of interest over 8 weeks. Although pathological narcissism did not moderate shame-depression associations, modest interaction effects were found between aspects of perfectionism and depression. The clinical implication of these findings and directions for future studies are discussed.