Fertility and Domestic Gender Equality in Russia

Open Access
Mcdonnell, Cadhla
Graduate Program:
Master of Arts
Document Type:
Master Thesis
Date of Defense:
June 30, 2015
Committee Members:
  • Nancy S Landale, Thesis Advisor
  • fertility
  • household labor
  • gender
  • second births
  • Russia
iii ABSTRACT Russian fertility is below replacement largely because of a lack of second- and higher-order births. This study seeks to better understand the association between domestic gender equality and the transition to a second birth for Russian men and women. In this study the associations between domestic gender equality—measured using the division of household labor and satisfaction with the division of household labor—and both wanting another child and having another child are modelled using logistic regression and event history analysis. The data used are from the 2004 and 2007 waves of the Russian Generations and Gender Survey. The results of the analysis indicate that role conflict lowers the fertility intentions of Russian women and reduces the likelihood of having a second birth, however fertility intentions and actual births are associated with different aspects of the division of labor. The results for Russian men are weak suggesting that they may be weakly involved in fertility decisions.