Optimization of Active Flap Deployment for Efficient In-plane Rotor Noise Reduction

Open Access
Corle, Ethan Lewis
Graduate Program:
Aerospace Engineering
Master of Science
Document Type:
Master Thesis
Date of Defense:
January 06, 2015
Committee Members:
  • Sven Schmitz, Thesis Advisor
  • Kenneth Steven Brentner, Thesis Advisor
  • George A Lesieutre, Thesis Advisor
  • active flap
  • rotor noise
  • aeroacoustics
  • genetic algorithm
  • helicopter quieting
Active rotor concepts have been shown to effectively target helicopter acoustics, performance, or vibrations. This work focuses on a conceptual integrated optimization scheme in which the Rotorcraft Comprehensive Analysis System (RCAS) is coupled to PSU-WOPWOP and an evolutionary algorithm to find trailing-edge flap deployment schedules that result in far-field in-plane noise reduction with the end goal of no performance penalty. A single-objective optimization is presented which demonstrates a 3.66 dB reduction in overall sound pressure level (OASPL) at a far-field observer with a performance penalty, as defined as an increase in rotor power required, of 10 percent. A multi-objective optimization is then presented that targets both OASPL and performance. A range of optimal deployment schedules are shown to result a 1-2 dB reduction in OASPL with a simultaneous power reduction of 4-6 percent.