An Analysis of Public and Private Community Corrections in Pennsylvania

Restricted (Penn State Only)
Alladin, Terrence
Graduate Program:
Public Administration
Doctor of Philosophy
Document Type:
Date of Defense:
May 01, 2015
Committee Members:
  • Steven Ames Peterson, Dissertation Advisor
  • Steven Ames Peterson, Committee Chair
  • Donald Charles Hummer Ii, Committee Chair
  • Goktug Morcol, Committee Member
  • Clemmie Edward Gilpin, Special Member
  • Community corrections
  • recidivism
  • privatization
  • efficiency and effectiveness
Community corrections is a vastly understudied area of criminal justice. Many scholars agree that community corrections is cheaper and more effective at reducing recidivism than prisons. A fundamental claim made in support of community corrections is that the privately owned and operated facilities are more efficient and effective than the publicly owned and operated centers. Privately owned and operated community corrections centers have been flourishing for decades with limited or no empirical studies regarding their efficiency and effectiveness. This study compared the publicly operated community corrections centers (CCC) with the privately operated community corrections facilities (CCF) in Pennsylvania using 20 variables that are specifically developed for measuring correctional institutions. The study found that publicly owned and operated community corrections centers were more efficient than privately owned and operated facilities. It also found that there was significant differences in the recidivism rates between offenders who were released by publicly owned and operated community corrections centers and those released by the privately owned and operated community corrections facilities.