Ceremonial and Economical Life in the Royal Palace of New Kingdom,egypt

Open Access
Author:
Aly, Reham
Graduate Program:
Art History
Degree:
Doctor of Philosophy
Document Type:
Dissertation
Date of Defense:
June 18, 2014
Committee Members:
  • Elizabeth Walters, Dissertation Advisor
  • Brian A Curran, Committee Chair
  • Madhuri Shrikant Desai, Committee Member
  • Donald B Redford, Special Member
Keywords:
  • Royal Palace
  • New Kingdom
  • Ceremonial Life
  • Economical Life
Abstract:
It is significant that in the New kingdom, the last and greatest Empire Age of Ancient Egypt, the architecture and illustration of the Royal Palace provide new insight into royal life and vast wealth aggrandized the ruler and honored some members of his family and court. In this study, I have investigated three terms used for royal structures associated with king since the Old kingdom including Cḥ, stp-s3, and pr-nsw and defined their meaning and use during the New Kingdom. Although these three terms were in general used as designations of the “Royal Palace,” each one has specific reference to a particular type of royal structure with its own structure and purpose. This study concentrated in detail context and significance on these terms as they use during this period. Evidences were drawn from a variety of texts including commemorative autobiographical, narrative, and religious texts, besides pictured scenes from tombs, temples, etc. These evidences proved that the Royal Palace Cḥ was functioned as a royal residence of the king and headquarter of the kingship where the king lived and practiced his authority as the legitimate ruler of Egypt. Stp-s3 was definitely an essential component of the Royal Palace associated with the king duties as a ruler. Unlike the pr-nsw which seems to be connected with the vizier and government. In additional to the three overarching terms for the Royal Palace informing the discussion adumbrated above, I conducted a taxonomic break-down of the physical components of the Royal Palace. These included architectural elements such as gateways, doors, window of appearance used to frame the power and authority of the ruler during his public appearance. In addition, the identity and arrangements of halls, courts and chambers were investigated along with their functions. That included all the essential parts of the Royal Palace, both the residential area and headquarters of the kingship (stp-s3). The design and plan of the Royal Palace was purposely thought to provide segregation between the public and private areas of the Royal Palace while providing the king and inhabitant of the Royal Palace with all the means of luxury life. The location, design and even decoration of each hall and suite within the Royal Palace (whether of the headquarters or living area of the Royal Palace) associated with its function and use. Thus, the Royal Palace comprised various types of halls and suites that were investigated in this chapter using textual, pictorial and archeological sources pertaining to the period of study. The focus of the third chapter is the royal income during the New kingdom. The various sources of the royal income were examined along with the Egyptian terms used for each type of the royal income. The sources of royal income varied during this period to include not only inland sources but also income from the foreign lands that certainly made the New kingdom fabulously wealthy.