Electrical Studies on Schottky Barrier Diodes (SBDs) on Gallium Nitride (GaN).

Open Access
Author:
Noor Elahi, Asim
Graduate Program:
Electrical Engineering
Degree:
Master of Science
Document Type:
Master Thesis
Date of Defense:
March 26, 2015
Committee Members:
  • Zhiwen Liu, Thesis Advisor
  • Osama O Awadelkarim, Thesis Advisor
  • Jian Xu, Thesis Advisor
Keywords:
  • GaN SiC Schottky Barrier Diodes LED Electrical Characteristics Q
Abstract:
In this work, the thesis describes experiments made on both GaN Schottky barrier diodes (SBDs) and commercially available SiC Schottky barrier diodes (SBDs). The electrical characterizations on both devices were investigated. Current – Voltage technique was used for finding the barrier height and the ideality factor. Capacitance – Voltage characterization technique is also used to obtain the value of the carrier concentration of both GaN and SiC SBDs and also. Thermally Stimulated Capacitance (TSCAP) graph was used on GaN SBDs device to detect the traps and their concentrations. Charge based – Deep Level Transients Spectroscopy (Q-DLTS) mechanism was applied to both GaN and SiC SBDs for the investigation of the deep charge trapping levels in both devices. The measurements employed included Schottky output characteristics at room temperature and at different temperature values. It is concluded from the experiments that the barrier height for both devices is increasing with the increase of the temperature whereas the ideality factor is decreasing with the increase of the temperature. The values of the barrier height and the ideality factor of GaN Schottky diode are 0.35 eV and 1.2 at 120K and 0.93 eV and 0.47 at 430K, respectively. The value of the barrier height and the ideality factor of SiC Schottky diode are 0.36 eV and 1.5 at 120K and 1.14 eV and 0.4 at 430K, respectively. Three different regions were selected to calculate the carrier concentration of the SiC and GaN SBDs from the C-V characteristics at room temperature. The carrier concentration of the SiC remains constant through the three regions while the carrier concentration of GaN device increases as the reverse bias increases. Two traps have been found by applying the TSCAP technique to GaN Schottky barrier diodes. The first trap was located at 200 K with a concentration of 2.28x1018 cm-3 and the second trap was located at 300 K with a concentration of 3.56x1017 cm-3. For Q-DLTS measurements, unfortunately no traps have been detected for both the GaN and SiC SBDs and therefore no DLTS signals can be shown from the this experiment.