Recall Of Parenting During The Transition To First-time Parenthood: A Measurement Model And A Contextual Perspective

Open Access
Author:
Auday, Eran Shlomo
Graduate Program:
Psychology
Degree:
Master of Science
Document Type:
Master Thesis
Date of Defense:
November 10, 2014
Committee Members:
  • Ginger A Moore, Thesis Advisor
  • Koraly Elisa Perez Edgar, Thesis Advisor
  • Brian A Rabian, Thesis Advisor
Keywords:
  • PBI
  • Recall of parenting
  • APIM
  • transition to parenthood
Abstract:
The current study focused on the transition to first-time parenthood as a period in development most likely to be sensitive for identifying salient dimensions of recalled parenting. Recall of parenting behaviors is linked to the emotional context in which parenting behaviors were experienced and consolidated in memories. The transition to parenthood is also suggested to be an emotionally-laden period associated with changes in mood and marital satisfaction and, therefore, might contribute to reevaluations of emotionally-laden past relationships and experiences. Wives and husbands (N = 160 couples) one year into first-time parenthood reported recall of parenting they experienced during adolescence using the PBI. A three-dimensional model of RP was found, identifying a Care dimensions and two other dimensions that distinguished between two types of perceptions of parental Overprotection (found in prior research) - Dependence and Control. A three-level hierarchical model using actor-partner interdependence model (APIM) was utilized to incorporate both wives’ and husbands’ experiences (termed actor- and partner-effects) and, therefore, accounted for the non-independence of their reports. Results indicated that husbands with higher levels of depression recalled their parents as promoting greater dependence on them. Having a spouse with higher levels of depression was associated with recall of parents as more dependence-promoting. Greater marital satisfaction was associated with recalling parents as more caring during adolescence. The more satisfied one’s partner was in the marital relationship, the fewer dependence behaviors were recalled by the individual.