the functional movement screen and its relationship to measures of athletic-related performance, anthropometric measures, and injury rates

Open Access
Author:
Crouse, Valdez J
Graduate Program:
Kinesiology
Degree:
Master of Science
Document Type:
Master Thesis
Date of Defense:
March 31, 2014
Committee Members:
  • Sayers John Miller Iii, Thesis Advisor
Keywords:
  • functional
  • movement
  • screen
  • anthropometrics
  • athletic
  • performance
  • injury
  • risk
  • body
  • composition
  • fms
Abstract:
The functional movement screen (FMS) was developed as a clinical tool designed to assess an individual’s ability to perform functional movement patterns. The FMS is a set of 7 functional movement tasks that are graded and given a categorical score based upon movement quality and quantity. The movement patterns tested within the FMS are necessary for participation in everyday physical activities as well as athletic activities, and require adequate levels of dynamic and static mobility and stability throughout the linked body segment system. Deficiencies in performance of these functional movements have been associated with higher risk of injury and may result in diminished athletic performance. To date, there have been few investigations looking at the relationship between FMS scores and athletic performance. Other anthropometric measures such as percent body fat have also been associated with athletic performance. Therefore, our study was conducted to elucidate the relationship between athletic performance measures, FMS scores, anthropometric measures, and injury rates in Division I college football players. Results demonstrate significant relationship between FMS scores, anthropometric measures, and athletic performance measures related to strength, power, and speed/agility. The results suggest that Division I college football players with higher FMS scores and lower percentage of body fat (%BF) perform significantly better in athletic performance measures. Our findings did not imply relationship between FMS scores and injury rates. Further research is needed to substantiate the application of these findings across each gender and all sports.