Contextual Moderators of the Effects Of Membership Change on Team Creative Performance and Team Viability

Open Access
Author:
Fairchild, Joshua Alexander Lubitz
Graduate Program:
Psychology
Degree:
Doctor of Philosophy
Document Type:
Dissertation
Date of Defense:
June 27, 2013
Committee Members:
  • Samuel Todd Hunter, Dissertation Advisor
  • Samuel Todd Hunter, Committee Chair
  • James Lewis Farr, Committee Member
  • Susan Mohammed, Committee Member
  • Stephen Erik Humphrey, Committee Member
Keywords:
  • Creativity
  • innovation
  • team creativity
  • team dynamics
  • conflict
  • team performance
Abstract:
Common wisdom regarding changes in team membership suggests that such disruptions have inherently negative effects on team outcomes. However, the present study argues that the effects of membership change are far more nuanced, being influenced by a number of contextual factors. In a laboratory investigation of 476 participants in 119 teams, I investigated the effects of two types of membership change on team creative performance, and examined whether or not these effects varied as a result of the type of creative task team members were engaged in. I found that task type moderated the effects of membership change on creative performance, and that the creative outcomes for teams in which the most creative member changed teams were similar to those in which no change occurred. Implications and future directions are also discussed.