Reentry Readiness: The Relationship Between Self-Efficacy, Optimism, and Motivation to Change Among Individuals Experiencing Incarceration

Open Access
Author:
Fullmer, Lindsey N
Graduate Program:
Counselor Education
Degree:
Doctor of Philosophy
Document Type:
Dissertation
Date of Defense:
June 12, 2018
Committee Members:
  • Liza Conyers, Dissertation Advisor/Co-Advisor
  • Liza Conyers, Committee Chair/Co-Chair
  • Allison Fleming, Committee Member
  • Katie Kostohryz, Committee Member
  • Holly Nguyen, Outside Member
Keywords:
  • Incarceration
  • Prison
  • Reentry
  • Readiness
Abstract:
Mass incarceration continues to be a significant issue for the criminal justice system, presenting new challenges to support mass reentry. The reentry process poses significant challenges for individuals returning to their communities, and individuals with mental illness are often most vulnerable due to their unique needs. The majority of research on reentry has examined context-specific conditions that promote successful reentry, such as access to housing and employment. Minimal research exists that examines reentry readiness. Specifically, investigating the contributions that person-specific conditions on perceived reentry readiness. This study used multiple regression analysis to examine the contributions of three person-specific conditions to reentry readiness (i.e., self-efficacy, optimism, and motivation to change) and three context-specific covariates (i.e., access to identification, income, and housing upon reentry). Results showed that self-efficacy and access to income and housing upon reentry contributed to perceived reentry readiness. Contrary to expectations, mental health status had no contribution to perceived reentry readiness. The present study adds to the reentry literature by extending knowledge to the construct of reentry readiness and the conditions associated with this.