UNDERSTANDING FACTORS INFLUENCING LEVEL OF DEPENDENCE AND ALCOHOL RELATED CONSEQUENCES IN COLLEGE STUDENTS

Open Access
Author:
Calandriello, Fallon M
Graduate Program:
Counselor Education
Degree:
Doctor of Philosophy
Document Type:
Dissertation
Date of Defense:
February 27, 2018
Committee Members:
  • Katie Kostohryz, Dissertation Advisor
  • Katie Kostohryz, Committee Chair
  • Jolynn Carney, Committee Member
  • Seriashia Joyce Chatters, Committee Member
  • Daniel Max Crowley, Outside Member
Keywords:
  • college students
  • alcohol intervention
  • level of dependence
  • alcohol related consequences
  • self-efficacy
  • alcohol beliefs
  • depression
  • anxiety
Abstract:
College student alcohol use is a public health issue that impacts students physically, mentally, and emotionally. Implementation of effective programming is a challenge for higher education institutions around the country. There is a need for counselors providing these programs to understand their clients through a developmental lens that highlights multiple facets that impact students’ level of dependency and alcohol related consequences. This researcher sought to add knowledge to the understanding of individual factors – mental health, personality, other drug use, self-efficacy, and class beliefs – that influence college student drinking. In turn, the findings have the potential to enhance the work of mental health counselors, health educators, advisors, administrators, and professors to better serve their students by addressing drinking behaviors, academic goals, and promoting student health and wellness. Participants in this study were 277 undergraduate students attending a 4-year, state-related university with an enrollment over 44,000 students. The students were mandated to attend a brief alcohol intervention, BASICS, to fulfill conduct requirements. Participants completed an array of self-report questionnaires addressing level of dependence, alcohol related consequences, depression, anxiety, hopelessness, anxiety-sensitivity, impulsivity, self-efficacy, family history, other drug use, age, class level, and college alcohol beliefs. A multiple linear regression was used to understand the relationship among the multiple independent variables and the dependent variables, level of dependence and alcohol related consequences. Results from the initial research question indicated that number of alcohol related consequences and other drug use significantly predict level of dependence. The second research question results indicated that an increase in depression scores, anxiety-sensitivity scores, and level of dependence, increased number of alcohol related consequences, while increased in self-efficacy scores significantly decreased number of alcohol related consequences. The final research question indicated that increased class level and self-efficacy scores, resulted in decreased level of dependence, while increased age and college alcohol beliefs scores significantly increased level of dependence.