Restricted (Penn State Only)
Almudhhi, Turki Khalid
Graduate Program:
Mechanical Engineering
Master of Science
Document Type:
Master Thesis
Date of Defense:
November 07, 2017
Committee Members:
  • Fan-Bill B Cheung, Thesis Advisor
  • Pool boiling
  • Heat transfer
  • Quenching
  • critical heat flux
Quenching experiments of a cylindrical rod were conducted in a distilled water pool in order to study the behavior of the critical heat flux (CHF) and the minimum heat flux (MHF). The effects of liquid subcooling, initial rod temperature, and surface condition on CHF and MHF were investigated during the quench process. The test specimen is a hollow stainless steel rod. The tip of the specimen is welded to prevent any water leakage inside the rod. The specimen has two thermocouples, one at the inner diameter and the other embedded in the wall. Both thermocouples are located at the same axial elevation. During the experiment, all thermocouple readings were taken by a data acquisition system. In addition, a video was recorded by a high-speed video camera for visualization of the boiling phenomenon. The surface heat flux was calculated using a 1-D inverse heat conduction code at each location. It has been found that the MHF and CHF were significantly influenced by the degree of subcooling. However, the MHF and CHF values were almost independent of initial rod temperature and surface condition. The calculated surface heat flux based on each thermocouple location was found to be consistent during the film boiling regime. The inconsistency in the evaluated surface heat fluxes at both locations begins after the MHF point and reaches a maximum near the CHF. After the CHF point, the inconsistency decays dramatically. The inconsistency in CHF values could be related to the axial conduction effect due to the large temperature gradient above and below the quench front.