Work Values: Examining Opportunities for Integration and Differences Across Generation, Race, and Between Gender

Open Access
Nadermann, Kristen Marie
Graduate Program:
Counselor Education
Doctor of Philosophy
Document Type:
Date of Defense:
July 09, 2017
Committee Members:
  • Jolynn Carney, Dissertation Advisor/Co-Advisor
  • Jolynn Carney, Committee Chair/Co-Chair
  • Diandra Janelle Prescod, Committee Member
  • Allison R Fleming, Committee Member
  • Daniel Max Crowley, Outside Member
  • Atlas Model
  • Work Values
  • Generation
  • Race
  • Gender
In this study, the relation between John Holland’s (1997) career interests and Donald Super’s (1990) work values were examined in order to extend the integrative framework known as the Atlas Model of Individual Differences (Armstrong et al., 2008). Additionally, in order to update outdated and contradictory literature, differences in work values across generation, race, and between genders were examined. A secondary data set including 1,960 respondents was obtained from Kuder, Inc. Canonical correlation analysis was used to examine work value and career interest relations, while MANOVA was conducted to investigate work value differences across demographic identities. Results showed there were multiple small to moderate relations between career interests and work values. Results also showed there were overall differences in work values across generation, race, and between genders; though some differences are minimal (generation) and some differences are contrary to previous research (race). Implications for career counselors, counselor educators, and professionals in industry are discussed, as well as areas for future research.