The myth of the yellow-brick road: Extending the CIP model of leadership

Restricted (Penn State Only)
Lovelace, Jeffrey Brent
Graduate Program:
Doctor of Philosophy
Document Type:
Date of Defense:
February 27, 2017
Committee Members:
  • Samuel T. Hunter, Dissertation Advisor
  • Samuel T. Hunter, Committee Chair
  • Rick Jacobs, Committee Member
  • Susan Mohammed, Committee Member
  • Donald Hambrick, Outside Member
  • CIP Model of Leadership
  • Charismatic Leadership
  • Ideological Leadership
  • Pragmatic Leadership
  • Scale Development
  • Measurement
In recent years the Charismatic, Ideological, and Pragmatic (CIP) model of leadership has received increasing support in the literature. However, the application of and research dedicated to the model remain limited. As such, the aim of this effort is to both broaden the application of the CIP model of leadership by theoretically extending the principles of the model, as well as develop a psychometrically sounds scale that measures all three CIP leadership styles. The theoretical extension of the model expands the application of the model beyond leaders at the upper echelons of organizations and proposes that most leaders display mixed CIP leadership profiles as opposed to a singular CIP style of leadership. Additionally, building upon the theoretical foundation of our proposed extension, we introduce a new CIP measurement scale. Initial results from the examination of the scale’s factor structure and construct validity indicate strong support for the measure. Additionally, a criterion validation study using the CIP measure provides initial evidence that suggests it possesses predictive power beyond the current prominent leadership psychometric tools on specific measures of performance. Future research directions and practical implications of this effort are discussed.