The relationship between maternal education status and students' mathematics performance in Hong Kong

Open Access
Liu, Hui
Graduate Program:
Educational Theory and Policy
Master of Arts
Document Type:
Master Thesis
Date of Defense:
November 18, 2016
Committee Members:
  • Soo-Yong Byun, Thesis Advisor
  • Maryellen Schaub, Committee Member
  • Katerina Bodovski, Committee Member
  • Maternal education
  • Academic achievement
  • Hong Kong
This study explores trends in the relationship between maternal education and academic achievement of students in Hong Kong, using data from the most recent four cycles (i.e., 1999, 2003, 2007 and 2011) of Trends of International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS). Using fixed-effects models, I found students of mother with a higher level of education perform better than students of mother with a lower level of education in math and science in Hong Kong. Moreover, I found that the achievement gaps between students whose mother had middle school education or less and students whose mother had a bachelor’s degree increased between 1999 and 2011. Increased segregation between schools may explain an increase in the association between maternal education and children’s academic outcomes. Policy implications and future research directions are discussed.