THE EFFECTS OF WAR ON OCCUPATIONAL OUTCOMES: A CASE STUDY OF THE SPANISH CIVIL WAR

Open Access
Author:
Ramirez, Daniel Nicholas
Graduate Program:
Sociology
Degree:
Master of Arts
Document Type:
Master Thesis
Date of Defense:
June 13, 2016
Committee Members:
  • Melissa Hardy, Thesis Advisor
  • Glenn A Firebaugh, Committee Member
  • David R Johnson, Committee Member
Keywords:
  • Cumulative advantage
  • Education
  • War
  • Franco
  • Spain
  • Occupational attainment
  • Civil war
  • Occupational outcomes
  • Inequality
Abstract:
This study examines the long term effects of the Spanish Civil War on educational and occupational outcomes. The results suggest being exposed to a frontline had important negative consequences for educational outcomes. These differentials in education took on the form of cumulative advantage, rendering diverging occupational outcomes in later life. Additionally, I find parents’ wealth and scholarly culture had a “cushioning effect” in the war and postwar context. Through both of these pathways, parental background had an out of the ordinary increased effect on educational attainment for those who were exposed to a frontline. Those who were wealthy were able to better weather the effects of war. Overall, through cumulative advantage/disadvantage mechanisms, the Spanish Civil War “made the wealthy wealthier” and “made the poor poorer”.