EXAMINING COLLEGE OF EDUCATION STUDENTS’ EXPERIENCE AND PERSPECTIVES ON LAPTOP USE IN TEACHING AND LEARNING: A MIXED-METHOD STUDY

Open Access
Author:
Xiao, Dan
Graduate Program:
Instructional Systems
Degree:
Master of Science
Document Type:
Master Thesis
Date of Defense:
None
Committee Members:
  • Dr Orrin Murray, Thesis Advisor
  • Orrin Murray, Thesis Advisor
  • Wei Fan Chen, Thesis Advisor
Keywords:
  • technology and instruction
  • One-to-one (1:1) computing
  • MacBook
  • teacher preparation
Abstract:
This study adopts an epistemological basis from phenomenology, takes constructivism as a philosophical framework, and aims at exploring and describing College of Education students’ experience and perspectives of using laptops in learning and teaching. Using an online survey, this study gathered both qualitative and quantitative data from 145 students from the College of Education at Penn State University during the 2009 and 2010 academic year, two year after a 1:1 laptop initiative, regarding various aspects of laptop use. Both quantitative and qualitative methods were applied in data analysis. Findings show that students consider laptop use changes the dynamic between instructors and students. The positive influence of laptop use includes enhanced communication and providing medium for presenting materials; the negative impact is distraction. Students believe that laptop use increases engagement and facilitates knowledge-transfer. Students see themselves more effective in utilizing technology for instruction and believe technology can impact teaching in a positive way. Students consider the use of video is important to the preparation to become teachers and the use of internet promotes active class participation and empowers them as learners.