Judging Judges: A Commentary of Judges 19

Open Access
Author:
Beckley, Rachel Elise
Graduate Program:
History
Degree:
Master of Arts
Document Type:
Master Thesis
Date of Defense:
July 14, 2009
Committee Members:
  • Gerald Neil Knoppers, Thesis Advisor
Keywords:
  • Judges
  • Bible
Abstract:
This paper is a thorough commentary on Judges 19. It examines the past scholarship of this chapter from a literary angle as well as an historical-critical view. It presents a translation and discussion of the text as well as a discussion of characterization in the narrative. Within this thesis, I present several arguments: first, I show that the incorporation of Judges 19 into a pre-deuteronomistic collection is not unlikely. It is in fact more unlikely that Judges 19 was a late post-exilic addition. Secondly, I attribute to the Deuteronomistic Historian the anti-Saul polemic as he is presenting Judges 19 as the beginning of a new era in Israelite history. I conclude this paper by presenting and developing the relatively new theory of Ken Stone which presents the story not as a narrative concerning sex but as a narrative involving male-by-male rape for the purpose of humiliating the âøéí (sojourners) who are present in the text.